Imperial Cleaning

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In terms of Draxler lacking pace, he has plenty to fill that roll on the left and gives us the balance needed with Welbeck, Sanchez and Ozil in the middle. Regardless we have bigger issues in the rears. No predicting what Klopp, Simeone, Garcia or anyone barring potentially Pep would do once brought in. One things for certain, all are very talented managers. Pep like Jose just seems to make the right decisions more consistently, with a dedication level a step above the rest.

A side with budget that needs obvious work on the player front with a lesson in tactics. Not realistic now, who knows in a few years when Wenger is finally done holding the Champions league trophy..

Wenger has been here for 18 odd years. All with a lower net spend. Or we could just sell some of the dead weight players we have and use that as part of our additional funds to address weaknesses within the team. Sure, it may not just be one thing.

Lol Pedro, we won the FA cup last year. And mourinhos lot are only three points in front of man cith, we were top last year as well, its a long seasooon, chill nothings set in stone yet.

Spends first year changing the squad, making it more robust, faster and fitter. Like RP said, we could have addressed our issues in a summer. We could have not opted to buy an Ozil in a blind panic.

We could have had a plan. We have way too many irrelevant players and not enough of a balance. People declaring we should sell Wilshere and walcott should lay off the silly sauce. We will never find like for like epl proven better players to come in and take over the mantle.

Like Walcott who improves dramatically year in — year out that has even droven nuts like LG to declare he is better than Hazard! Actually Keyser there is more sense in that little sentance than in all the drivel you have written today. See if you can spot the odd one out. Remember they finished what 4 points from top and reached a Champions League semi-final? It was a question put forth with a monetary value attached… enough money to upgrade essentially.

Theirs no doubt Wilshire and Walcott could be upgraded on to strike the right balance in the starting XI. Chelea have made massive progress under Jose. Or, like RP stated, at least brought some balance to the party? That list is pretty mental if you match it to appearances this season.

All smells of indecision. How about you bring Courtois back and maybe you make the final. Id love to chat and reply to that sal. I basically disagree in losing our two young english talents like that for whatever reason.. Hence, playing 10 strikers against Leicester can be pragmatic if the manager sees it as sensible and more likely to bring a win. The issues may be how well this is applied and the subjective interpretation of what is pragmatic and the considerations that go with that.

As for V being blown over by fresh air, lol tell JW that he spends most of the game on the floor slapping the floor instead of getting back and trying to win the ball back like Sanchez does… that Verrati does. Verratti has the creative aspects of JW, but also has the defensive element his known for his key tackles and interceptions and then linking the play from defence to attack. Romford Pele — Find examples. They have a balanced team of player who are robust, powerful and fast.

Joel Campbell is the perfect example. Had a massive stock after the World Cup like Sal says. Mourinhos got a plan, Well Di Matteo and Benitez had to think on their feet and still managed to win things. He changed the culture, moved on stars, improved fitness and brought in a ruthless discipline. For instance Mourinho was seen as a negative manager playing boring football, but if you actually look at his team this season they are playing beautiful attacking football.

So his style and tactics have evolved with the changing dynamic of his team and his position in relation to the opponents around him.

I am very fond of Atletico Madrid and Diego Simeone was he solely negative and defensive? But the key point is when he played against the powerhouses of RM and Barca he played a negative game.

His understood that he had to tailor his approach to his opposition. Which means attacking football against the weaker teams and cautious football against the better talent. I honestly would not mind us playing the most boring negative football in the CL if it got us a CL like chelsea under di matteo.

I would also stand for in the league against the bigger clubs? Why because if we do grind out those wins if we we do win those titles we can further embellish our squad with WC talent and then play teams on our own terms rather than have to play such defensive games. Pragmatic play can actually lead to a future situation where we are not restrained by our weaknesses and will be on even terms with the big boys.

I have loads of contacts in the game I speak to… who are way more qualified than I am. The dudes pep is the terminator.. Somtimes he does play with more emotion rather than using his head. Also mate, no way is Ligue 1 more competitive than the PL. Even Cesc was saying yesterday that the PL is more competitive and at a higher level than when he left in Think you guys have missed the big story today — Dark Hei has converted to wobism!!!

Congrats brudder, welcome to the fold Maybe a name change is in order ala Saul…Light Hei maybe??? Pedro — All I can go on is what you write, do you understand?

Not sure exactly what you mean by detail. I write a narrative that I pick up from all the different people I speak to. That why the stuff I write, I know can be implemented and way quicker than you talk about. Are Monaco playing any better than Dortmund at the minute? Monaco lie in 6th position after 18 games in their league. The data proves this. The data proves Verrati has more bite… couple that with his supreme passing and his literally better than Jack in every single category. You know me I love my stats ; , but stats are records of truths whilst opinions can be wrong or right.

Why do I need to? But Wenger barely rotates so this is pointless. Like I say, work on addressing the injury problems and buy where necessary. The wages you could give to a DM could be used by players we have atm.

High wage bill but still glaring holes in the squad. Players need to develop, sure. But address the weaknesses man. What I would like to know is how on earth did Simeone win the League and almost the CL without rotating his squad. Mourinho was always about the second season. I think your interpretation of pragmatism is the right one. What is practical and sensible — key variants — in being pragmatic depends on many factors, some of which we have to way of knowing, lack access to etc. Hence, a manager getting thumped does not automatically mean he lacked pragmatism in his approach.

Second point was that arguing against pragmatism on the basis that it infers being negative all the time is simply wrong. If we mean to say negative then say it. I see nothing wrong in playing negatively in 6 PL matches a season if that gets us more points to challenge. I work in marketing. If the idea is good, who cares where it came from.

Dave Trott is wrong. Malcolm Gladwell is wrong. Pep Guardiola is wrong. We shall see though. Today just seemed interesting because you actually quoted, wrote about books that might be of actual interest, not just in football terms but also wider ranging. Say barca play tiki taka, they lose but continue playing that way because they won stuff in the past. They persist even if doing something different might get them results.

Is this what you mean? My response to that is if you have 10 technical midgets and Messi then the pragmatic approach may be to play tiki taka.

Bremen played a double role: Since the city was the major taxpayer, its consent was generally sought. In Bremen joined the Hanseatic League. In , the number of inhabitants reached 20, Around this time the Hansekogge cog ship became a unique product of Bremen. In return, Albert confirmed the city's privileges and brokered a peace between the city and Gerhard III, Count of Hoya , who since had held some burghers of Bremen in captivity.

The city had to bail them out. In an extra tax, levied to finance the ransom, caused an uprising among the burghers and artisans that was put down by the city council after much bloodshed. In , Albert II tried to take advantage of the dispute between Bremen's city council and the guilds , whose members had expelled some city councillors from the city.

When these councillors appealed to Albert II for help, many artisans and burghers regarded this as a treasonous act, fearing that this appeal to the prince would only provoke him to abolish the autonomy of the city.

The fortified city maintained its own guards, not allowing soldiers of the Prince-Archbishop to enter it. The city reserved an extra very narrow gate, the so-called Bishop's Needle Latin: Acus episcopi , first mentioned in , for all clergy, including the Prince-Archbishop. The narrowness of the gate made it physically impossible for him to enter surrounded by his knights. Nevertheless, on the night of 29 May , Albert's troops, helped by some burghers, invaded the city.

Afterward, the city had to again render him homage: In return, the new council granted Albert a credit amounting to the then-enormous sum of 20, Bremen marks. But city councillors of the previous council, who had fled to the County of Oldenburg , gained the support of the counts and recaptured the city on June 27, The members of the intermediate council were regarded as traitors and beheaded, and the city de facto regained its autonomy.

Thereupon, the city of Bremen, which had for a long time held an autonomous status, acted almost completely independent of the Prince-Archbishop. Albert failed to obtain control over the city of Bremen a second time, since he was always short of money and lacked the support of his family, the Welfs , who were preparing for and fighting the Lüneburg War of Succession — By the end of the s Bremen had provided credit to Albert II to finance his lavish lifestyle, and gained in return the fortress of Vörde along with the dues levied in its bailiwick as guarantee for the credit.

In Bremen again lent money to Albert II against the collateral of his mint, which was from then on run by the city council, which took over his right to mint coins. In Bremen purchased from Duke Frederick I of Brunswick-Lüneburg many of the Prince-Archbishop's castles, which Albert had pledged as security for a loan to Frederick's predecessor.

Thus Bremen gained a powerful position in the Prince-Archbishopric ecclesiastical principality , in effect sidelining its actual ruler. The declining knightly family of Bederkesa had become deeply indebted, [8]: They lost the rest of their claims to the city of Bremen, when in its troops prevented the three Mandelsloh brothers from lending them to Albert II as territorial power. In the city's troops successfully ended the brigandage and captured the Castle of Bederkesa and its bailiwick.

Thus Bremen gained a foothold to uphold peace and order in its forecourt on the lower course of the Weser. In the city of Bremen became the liege lord of the noble families holding the estates of Altluneburg and Elmlohe , who had previously been vassals of the Knights of Bederkesa.

The city replaced in the old wooden statue of Roland , which had been destroyed in by the Bederkesa, with a larger limestone model; this statue has managed to survive six centuries and two World Wars into the 21st. In the jointly ruling dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg , Eric IV and his sons Eric V and John IV , pawned their share in the Bederkesa bailiwick and castle to the Senate of Bremen , including all "they have in the jurisdictions in the Frisian Land of Wursten and in Lehe Bremerhaven , which belongs to the aforementioned castle and Vogtei".

During the s, Bremen was often in conflict with the Dutch states. The city began offering contracts to pirates to attack its enemies, and it became a regional hub of piracy. These pirates targeted foreign shipping around the North Sea and captured numerous vessels. One notorious captain, known as Grote Gherd "Big Gerry" , captured 13 ships from Flanders in a single expedition. In the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen , which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish Crown.

When the Protestant Reformation swept through Northern Germany , St Peter's cathedral belonged to the cathedral immunity district German: In , the cathedral chapter which was still Catholic at that time closed St Peter's after a mob consisting of Bremen's burghers had forcefully interrupted a Catholic Mass and prompted a pastor to hold a Lutheran service.

In , the chapter, which had in the meantime become predominantly Lutheran, appointed the Dutch Albert Rizaeus , called Hardenberg, as the first Cathedral pastor of Protestant affiliation. Rizaeus turned out to be a partisan of the Zwinglian understanding of the Lord's Supper , which was rejected by the then Lutheran majority of burghers, the city council, and chapter.

So in — after heated disputes — Rizaeus was dismissed and banned from the city and the cathedral again closed its doors. However, as a consequence of that controversy the majority of Bremen's burghers and city council adopted Calvinism by the s, while the chapter, which was at the same time the body of secular government in the neighbouring Prince-Archbishopric, clung to Lutheranism.

This antagonism between a Calvinistic majority and a Lutheran minority, though it had a powerful position in its immunity district mediatised as part of the city in , remained dominant until in the Calvinist and Lutheran congregations of Bremen were reconciled and founded a united administrative umbrella Bremen Protestant Church , which still exists today, comprising the bulk of Bremen's burghers.

At the beginning of the 17th century, Bremen continued to play its double role, wielding fiscal and political power within the Prince-Archbishopric, but not allowing the Prince-Archbishopric to rule in the city without its consent. Soon after the beginning of the Thirty Years' War Bremen declared its neutrality, as did most of the territories in the Lower Saxon Circle.

John Frederick , Lutheran Administrator of the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, desperately tried to keep his Prince-Archbishopric out of the war, with the complete agreement of the Estates and the city of Bremen. When in the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands , which was fighting in the Eighty Years' War for its independence against Habsburg 's Spanish and imperial forces, requested its Calvinist co-religionist Bremen to join them, the city refused, but started to reinforce its fortifications.

In the territories comprising the Lower Saxon Circle decided to recruit an army in order to maintain an armed neutrality , since troops of the Catholic League were already operating in the neighbouring Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle and dangerously close to their region. The concomitant effects of the war, debasement of the currency and rising prices, had already caused inflation which was also felt in Bremen.

Thus the troops of the Catholic League were otherwise occupied and Bremen seemed relieved. But soon after this the imperial troops under Albrecht von Wallenstein headed north in an attempt to destroy the fading Hanseatic League , in order to reduce the Hanseatic cities of Bremen, Hamburg and the Lübeck and to establish a Baltic trade monopoly, to be run by some imperial favourites including Spaniards and Poles. The idea was to win Sweden 's and Denmark 's support, both of which had for a long time sought the destruction of the Hanseatic League.

Christian IV ordered his troops to capture all the important traffic hubs in the Prince-Archbishopric and commenced the Battle of Lutter am Barenberge, on 27 August , where he was defeated by the Leaguist troops under Johan 't Serclaes, Count of Tilly.

Christian IV and his surviving troops fled to the Prince-Archbishopric and established their headquarters in Stade. Tilly then invaded the Prince-Archbishopric and captured its southern part. Bremen shut its city gates and entrenched itself behind its improved fortifications. In , Tilly turned on the city, and Bremen paid him a ransom of 10, rixdollars in order to spare it a siege.

The city remained unoccupied throughout the war. In September Francis William of Wartenberg , appointed by Ferdinand II as chairman of the imperial restitution commission for the Lower Saxon Circle, in carrying out the provisions of the Edict of Restitution, ordered the Bremian Chapter, seated in Bremen, to render an account of all the capitular and prince-archiepiscopal estates not to be confused with the Estates.

The Chapter refused, arguing first that the order had not been authorised and later that due to disputes with Bremen's city council, they could not freely travel to render an account, let alone do the necessary research on the estates. The anti-Catholic attitudes of Bremen's burghers and council was to make it completely impossible to prepare the restitution of estates from the Lutheran Chapter to the Roman Catholic Church.

Even Lutheran capitulars were uneasy in Calvinistic Bremen. Bremen's city council ordered that the capitular and prince-archiepiscopal estates within the boundaries of the unoccupied city were not to be restituted to the Catholic Church. The council argued that the city had long been Protestant, but the restitution commission replied that the city was de jure a part of the Prince-Archbishopric, so Protestantism had illegitimately taken over Catholic-owned estates.

The city council replied that under these circumstances it would rather separate from the Holy Roman Empire and join the quasi-independent Republic of the Seven Netherlands. In October an army, newly recruited by John Frederick, started to reconquer the Prince-Archbishopric — helped by forces from Sweden and the city of Bremen. John Frederick returned to office, only to implement the supremacy of Sweden, insisting that it retain supreme command until the end of the war.

With the impending enforcement of the military Major Power of Sweden over the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, which was under negotiation at the Treaty of Westphalia , the city of Bremen feared it would fall under Swedish rule too.

Therefore, the city appealed for an imperial confirmation of its status of imperial immediacy from Gelnhausen Privilege. Nevertheless, Sweden, represented by its imperial fief Bremen-Verden , which comprised the secularised prince-bishoprics of Bremen and Verden, did not accept the imperial immediacy of the city of Bremen.

With this in view, Swedish Bremen-Verden twice waged war on Bremen. In the city of Bremen had imposed de facto rule in an area around Bederkesa and west of it as far as the lower branch of the Weser near Bremerlehe a part of present-day Bremerhaven. Early in , Bremen-Verden's Swedish troops captured Bremerlehe by force. When in March the city of Bremen started to recruit soldiers in the area of Bederkesa, in order to prepare for further arbitrary acts, Swedish Bremen-Verden enacted the First Bremian War March to July , arguing that it was acting in self-defence.

This treaty left the main issue, the acceptance of the city of Bremen's imperial immediacy, unresolved. But the city agreed to pay tribute and levy taxes in favour of Swedish Bremen-Verden and to cede its possessions around Bederkesa and Bremerlehe, which was why it was later called Lehe. In the city gained a seat and a vote in the Imperial Diet, despite sharp protest from Swedish Bremen-Verden. So on 15 November Sweden had to sign the Treaty of Habenhausen , obliging it to destroy the fortresses built close to Bremen and banning Bremen from sending its representative to the Diet of the Lower Saxon Circle.

From then on no further Swedish attempts were made to capture the city. The harbour of Vegesack became part of the city of Bremen in At the Marienplatz the Nazi column encountered a large crowd which was listening to an exhortation of Julius Streicher, the Jew-baiter from Nuremberg, who had rushed to Munich at the first news of the putsch. Not wishing to be left out of the revolution, he cut short his speech and joined the rebels, jumping into step immediately behind Hitler.

The neues rathaus with Nazi banner from and the altes rathaus on November 9, on the night of Kristallnacht. In when he was promoted to SA Obergruppenführer before dying at only 50 for reasons unknown. Wagner had been jointly responsible for euthanasia and sterilisation carried out against Jews and the handicapped, and showed himself at the Nuremberg Party Congress in to be a staunch proponent of the Nuremberg Laws, and thereby also of Nazi Germany's race legislation and racial politics. Under Wagner's leadership, the Nazi killing institution at Hadamar was established.

The entrance when serving as the American occupation HQ and today in front and me on the side of the building. Inside the building next to the staircase leading to the first floor is this plaque commemorating the Munich Jews who were murdered in Kaunas, Lithuania, in On November 20 one thousand men, women and children were deported from Munich to Kaunas and five days later murdered by firing squad. Between then and February at least forty-three deportations of Jews were transported to Kaunas, Piaski, Theresienstadt and Auschwitz.

Numerous people and institutions, including employees of the city , were involved in organising and carrying out the deportations. The memorial plaque, designed by Beate Passow, was put up on the initiative of the Munich City Archive. Parallel to this the City of Munich also donated a sign of remembrance to the memorial site in Kaunas, which Beate Passow used as a model for its Munich counterpart. The artist describes her work thus: The crime committed in Kowno is thus given an appropriate presence in Munich as well.

In many cases these photos were the last visible traces of their owners. On the first floor is this Memorial Room.

In members of the Munich City Council belonging to the Christian Social Union, the Social Democrats and the Bavarian Party tabled a joint motion to have a plaque put up in the town hall to commemorate those members of the city administration who had fallen victim to the Third Reich or died in the two world wars. A hexagonal, chapel-like room on the first floor of the wing facing Marienplatz was proposed as a suitable location for the plaque.

During the s this room had already been turned into a memorial to the city officials, teachers and white and blue-collar workers killed in the First World War, but it was destroyed by bombing in The newly refurbished room was opened to the public again in when the city celebrated its th anniversary. In the centre of the room there is an altar-like stone table on which a leather-bound book lists the names of those who died in both world wars.

Inscriptions on the walls commemorate both the war dead and those who suffered political persecution under the Nazi dictatorship. The Munich City Council Münchner Stadtrat has been, since , the local government and is elected for six years and meets in New Hall. The photo on the left shows the first meeting of July 25, of the City Hall led by the Nazis as the sole power in the city council of seventeen members with a ceremony in the Great decorated boardroom.

Among the attendees were the representative of the State Government, the Police Headquarters, the Reichswehr, the Protestant church council and others. Instead of landing on the market square, it had been bested by a single well-timed cannon shot and thus spared the city the plague. The arch underneath the Old Town Hall then and now. Today it contains the Memorial to German Prisoners of War, dedicated in to those citizens of Munich who were still being held prisoner.

It was unveiled at a time when 12, citizens of Munich were still registered as missing, many in the Soviet Union. The deliberately restrained stone relief by Franz Mikorey reflects the view of prisoners of war then prevailing in post-war Germany, showing three grieving women awaiting the return of prisoners of war as the inscription tells us , whose sufferings should never be forgotten.

After the war and with the old town hall behind me, and the Ludwig Beck shop being built amidst the ruins and as it appears today. The Alte Rathaus as it appeared after the bombin and today. By December 17, bombs further destroyed the tower and the south wing, forcing the remains to be torn down. On the right looking behind from Tal is the former "Zum Meteck" guesthouse, now an hideous Sparkasse bank. The ruins on the south side of the square were demolished in the sequence and the building line partly offset by several meters back, especially in the east of the square to create more space.

In place of Peterhof was later rebuilt several times House Hugendubel. For the construction of the execrable Kaufhof in the s, the richly decorated Roman Mayr House of the previous turn of the century had to give way. It was here that Dr.

Wilhelm Gutberlet had treated Hitler for a throat infection early in the latter's political career. Walter Schellenberg described him in his postwar memoirs as "a Munich physician who belonged to the intimate circle around Hitler.

The former was reconstructed by Munich architect Erwin Schleich from to The painting is one of about 2, works that Hitler painted between about and as a struggling young artist. Apparently the original handwritten bill of sale, dated September 25, , had come with the painting and was a rarity for Hitler's art. That also explained the relatively high selling price, she said. But that has raised doubt among critics about the painting's provenance.

They recall how hoaxer Konrad Kujau used supposed certifications of authenticity to trick some historians when he marketed what proved to be bogus "Hitler Diaries" in The Viktualienmarkt during the Nazi-era, after the war and today. A bird's eye view of the site in and today showing the postwar development all around.

When Marienplatz became too small as a market for cereals and other agricultural products, the Viktualienmarkt was created by a decree issued by King Maximilian I on 2. In the course of time many additions were made to the market, as for example a butchers' hall, a tripe hall, pavilions for bakeries, fruit vendors and a fish hall.

During World War II this square with its cosy atmosphere was severely damaged. There was even talk of closing down the market in order to erect multi-story buildings on this important site.

Later, memorial fountains for the folk singers and comedians Ida Schumacher, Elise Aulinger and Roider Jackl were added. Hitler's painting of the Peterskirche from the Viktualienmarkt in with it in and today The ascent from the Viktualienmarkt to the Peterskirche in and today showing how, during the postwar reconstruction, the area was tidied up to provide more space.

The right shows the church from the north of the Rindermarkt before the war and today. The cathedral suffered severe damage during the war - the roof collapsed and one of the towers suffered severe damage as shown on the right with my uncle demonstrating the building today after a major restoration effort which began after the war and which was carried out in several stages, the last of which coming to an end in The interior then and now with Drake Winston - after bombing in , and a procession going past led by Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber Hitler in triumph down Munich's Maxburgstrasse towards Marienplatz after the return of Memel, March 26, and with Drake Winston today.

This line in turn was recogni s ed by the Congress of Vienna in , and it was the identical boundary established at the Peace of Thorn in between Poland-Lithuania and the German Order of Knights. It was evident that the March Memel agreement was a conservative step rather than a radical innovation. They had seized a city which in the seven centuries of its history had never been separated from its East Prussian homeland. Hoggan Forced War. Drake Winston in front of St. Michael's church at the same location.

Having suffered severe damage during the November bombing , the church was restored in It was not until the early s that the stucco-work was restored. The spire which lost its steeple top during the wartime bombing is situated further north next to the former convent.

Across the way is Altheimer Eck shown then and now. His works can be found throughout Munich and this site. In July , Heydrich's counterintelligence service grew into an effective machine of terror and intimidation. With Hitler agitating for absolute power in Germany, Himmler and Heydrich wished to control the political police forces of all 17 German states, and they began with the state of Bavaria.

In , Heydrich gathered some of his men from the SD and together they stormed this building and took over the police using intimidation tactics. Himmler became commander of the Bavarian political police with Heydrich as his deputy.

In a long series of closed-door sessions, Heydrich subjected each officer to a gruelling interrogation on his methods and policies before calling the officers back and telling them one at a time that they would retain their jobs — as members of the SD. The officers were vastly relieved, assuring Heydrich that they were ready to serve without reservation.

In one move, he had converted them from enemies to allies. In his funeral eulogy for Heydrich in , Himmler stated. In April it was revealed that the star, Horst Tappert, had joined the infamous 3. This process involved the transfer of Jewish property into "Aryan" hands in order to "de-Jew the economy". The process started in in with so-called "voluntary" transfers of Jewish property and ended with the Holocaust.

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