Disneys DER KÖNIG DER LÖWEN
Martin, which included the villa erlangon, another reason why it must have been physically separated from the area of the two miles. Size and extent of the two squares correspong approximately to the area requirement of a village at the time, which supports the assumption that at the time of certification a settlement was under construction, which should be legitimized by this donation and later, as in similar cases, has adopted th name of the original settlement.
Only 15 years later, in , Henry II confirmed an exchange agreement, through which St. Martin and its accessories including Erlangen were given to the newly founded Bishopric of Bamberg, where it remained until During these centuries, the place name appears only sporadically. Local researchers therefore concluded that Erlangen must have already gained so much in extent that in , Henry IV took his residence there with many princes and bishops  and was therefore the seat of a King's Court.
Other evidence of this estate is also missing. Otherwise, Erlangen was usually only mentioned if the bishop pledged it due to lack of money. How exactly the village developed is unknown. Only the designation "grozzenerlang" in a bishop's urbarium from may be an indication that the episcopal village had outstripped the original villa erlangon. Under the crown of Bohemia, the village developed rapidly.
In the emperor spent three days in Erlangen and gave the "citizen and people of Erlangen" grazing rights in the imperial forest. The money should instead be used to "improve" the village. Probably soon after , the new ruler of the administration of the acquired property west of the town built the Veste Erlangen , on which a bailiff resided.
King Wenceslaus built a mint and oficially granted township to Erlangen in He also gave the usual town privileges: Collection of tolls, construction of a department store with bread and meat bank and the construction of a defensive wall.
Two years later, in , the prince-electors unelected. He sold his Frankish possessions, including Erlangen, to his brother-in-law, the Nuremberg burgrave Johann III due to lack of funds in During the process of division of the burggrave property in Franconia, Erlangen was added to the Upper Principality, the future Principality of Bayreuth. The Erlangen coining facility ceased its operation because the Münzmeister was executed for counterfeiting in Nuremberg.
During the Hussite Wars the town was completely destroyed for the first time in However, as the army of Albrecht could not completely enclose the city, Nuremberg troops broke out again and devastated the Margravial towns and villages. As reported by a Nuremberg chronicler, they "burnt the market at most in Erlangen and brought a huge robbery". Erlangen was raided and plundered again, this time by Bavarian troops. In the following years the town recovered again. Erlangen was spared from the Peasants' War in and the introduction of the Reformation in was peaceful.
It was even considered to completely abandon the town. Because Emperor Charles V imposed the imperial ban on Albrecht, the Nurembergers incorporated Erlangen into their own territory. Albrecht died in January His successor, George Frederick , requested that the imperial sequestation over the Principality of Kulmbach be reversed and was able to take back the government one month later.
Under his rule, the town recovered from the was damage and remained unharmed until well into the Thirty Years' War. During the four year Napoleonic occupation, Erlangen was the capital of the so-called "Low County" Unterland of the principality, encompassing the area until Neustadt an der Aisch and separated from the "High County" Oberland by a land corridor.
In it became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria , together with the rest of former Brandenburg-Bayreuth. While it was still part of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, the first French Huguenot refugees arrived in Erlangen in In , the old town just below the site of the annual Bergkirchweih was almost completely destroyed by a fire, but soon rebuilt.
In , the old and new towns were merged into one. In , Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth , founded a university for his royal seat of Bayreuth, but due to the rebelliousness of the local students, the university was transferred to Erlangen. Only later did it obtain the name of "Friedrich-Alexander-University" and become a Prussian state university.
Already during the Bavarian municipal reform of , the city was endowed with its own administration. In , the canton administration Erlangen was founded, from which later arose the administrative district of Erlangen.
In , this district was merged with the administrative district of Höchstadt. Erlangen became the capital of this newly founded district Erlangen-Höchstadt. During this municipal reform, Erlangen was effectively enlarged considerably, thus in it had more than , inhabitants. The Bergkirchweih is an annual beer festival, similar to the Oktoberfest in Munich but smaller in scale. It takes place during the twelve days before and after Pentecost that is, 49 days after Easter ; this period is called the "fifth season" by the locals.
The beer is served at wooden tables in one-litre stoneware jugs under the trees of the "Berg", a small, craggy, and wooded hill with old caves beer cellars owned by local breweries. Until Carl von Linde invented the electric refrigerator in , this was considered to be the largest refrigerator in Southern Germany.
The beer festival draws more than one million visitors annually. It features carnival rides of high tech quality, food stalls of most Franconian dishes, including bratwurst, suckling pig, roasted almonds, and giant pretzels. It is commonly known by local residents as the "Berchkärwa" pronounced "bairch'-care-va" or simply the "Berch", like in "Gehma auf'n Berch! This is an outdoor event frequented and enjoyed by Franconians.
Despite a relatively high number of visitors, it is not commonly known by tourists, or people living outside Bavaria. In the Middle Ages and the beginning of modern times , only a few hundred people lived in Erlangen. Due to numerous wars, epidemics and famines, the increase in population was very slow. In , as a result of the destruction in the Thirty Years' War , the town was completely deserted.
In , the population reached again, therefore reaching pre war levels. On 8 March Erlangen was declared the sixth state capital. Due to the famines , the population declined to in After an increase to approximately 10, people in , the population of Erlangen fell once again as a result of the Napoleonic wars and reached in During the 19th century, this number doubled to 17, in Due to numerous incorporations, the population of the city rose to 30, by and again in the following decades, reaching 60, in Because of district and areal reforms in , the population of the city exceeded the limit of , in , making Erlangen a major city.
Increased demand for urban homes has led the population to grow further in the s, with predictions claiming the city would reach over , residents in the s within the current urban area.
Kann die Stadt mit steigenden Zuzügen umgehen? Ingolstadt befindet sich im Aufbruch. Die kreisfreie Stadt an der Donau besitzt nicht nur eine reichhaltige Kulturlandschaft mit vielen Theatern, Museen und einem sehr gut erhaltenen, historischen Zentrum. Auch in wirtschaftlicher Hinsicht können die Ingolstädter mit Stolz auf die Qualitäten ihres Wohnortes verweisen. In einem Vergleich von mehr als Regionen landete die Donaustadt trotz ihrer relativ geringen Bevölkerungszahl von derzeit rund Das produzierende Gewerbe der Stadt befindet sich im Aufschwung und stellt vor allem im Bereich der Automobilindustrie die meisten Arbeitsplätze.
Schon seit Jahren liegt daher die Arbeitslosenquote Ingolstadts unter dem bundesweiten Durchschnitt — nach wie vor ist der Bedarf an kompetenten Facharbeitern und Ingenieuren enorm. Somit ist auch in den kommenden Jahren mit einer steigenden Anzahl von Zuzügen zu rechnen, die den städtischen Immobilienmarkt weiter unter Druck setzen werden.
Gerade die zentralen Wohnlagen im Stadtkern und den angrenzenden Vierteln werden immer knapper. Gegenwärtig befinden sich daher zahlreiche Konversionsflächen auf dem Stadtgebiet in der Planungsphase für die Errichtung neuer und hochmoderner Wohnquartiere. Besonders innerstädtische Flächenpotenziale und nicht mehr genutzte Industriegebiete werden von Investoren verstärkt gekauft, um hier zukunftsträchtige Neubauprojekte zu realisieren.
Dadurch gestaltet sich das Angebot in der Altstadt und den angrenzenden Vierteln besonders diversifiziert auf vergleichsweise kleinem Raum. Der drohenden Wohnungsknappheit begegnete Ingolstadt rechtzeitig und hat bereits vor Jahren mit der Errichtung neuer Wohnquartiere begonnen.
Dabei stand erneut das Zentrum der Donaustadt im Vordergrund, weshalb hier gegenwärtig die meisten hochqualitativen Objekte zu finden sind. Auch Wohnungen in Penthäusern werden in den Kernbereichen Ingolstadts in unterschiedlichster Ausführung angeboten. Höchstens in Vierteln wie Friedrichshofen im Norden oder Feldkirchen ganz im Osten der Stadt, werden gelegentlich kleinere Objekte angeboten. Für eine Etagenwohnung mit vier Zimmern und ca.
Zwar besitzt die Universitätsstadt mit ihrer Lage zwischen Regensburg im Nordosten und München im Süden eine hervorragende Anbindung an das regionale und überregionale Verkehrsnetz. Doch immer mehr Menschen wollen die Pendelwege gegen eine attraktive Immobilie in Ingolstadt tauschen. Weil die Einwohnerzahlen seit Jahrzehnten kontinuierlich ansteigen, gehen Prognosen auch in den kommenden Jahren von einem fortgesetzten Zuwachs der Stadtbevölkerung aus.
Im Hinblick darauf werden bereits seit einigen Jahren vor allem im Kerngebiet der Stadt viele Neubauprojekte realisiert.