Then the Duke of Arenberg owned the village. From to , during the French occupation the village was renamed in " Mairie Marl" and belonged to the Grand Duchy of Berg. After the War of the Sixth Coalition Marl got under Prussian reign and was part of the district Essen until and afterwards until now to the district Recklinghausen.
In this age, Marl had only village mayors, who were elected for one year and directly responsible to the governors of the Vest Recklinghausen. The village mayors tasks were the collection of the taxes and managing the village real estates.
Beside these village mayors there were two Prince-electoral representatives, the "Amtsfron" village soccage and the "Amtsführer" village leader from both offices were combined whose task was to supervise the prince-electoral regulations. From 1 April Marl was consolidated with the town of Dorsten to the "Office of mayor Dorsten" "Bürgermeisterei Dorsten" with the mayor of Dorsten as provost. In , after the territorial reform of the Prussian state, Marl got autonomous again.
The village area was enlarged and the village of Altendorf-Ulfkotte was suburbanized, though marl did not get his name back but was named "Dorsten-environs" "Dorsten-Land" On 31 October the Royal Administration in Münster founded the "Administration Marl" "Amt Marl" , an in-between of town and village.
The administration area included Marl, the villages of Polsum, Hamm and Altendorf-Ulfkotte, plus the surrounding farming communities. Agriculture has always been the main source of income in Marl. This becomes apparent in an official list from The following is recorded there: Despite the muchness of sheep, the importance of sheep farming declined in later centuries.
As many farmers needed a sideline, many families weaved, mostly as wageworkers for drapers. The former village mayor Bölling reports in his chronicle:.
It is an elegant weaving. The turning point in Marls history was 21 January On this day the "Simson well-drilling Company" found a coal deposit in the depth of meter in the urban district Polsum.
Additional drillings in Marl resulted in the formation coalmines. August Stein und Julius Schäfer from Düsseldorf founded the coalmine "Auguste Victoria" in based in Düsseldorf and coal production was planned on the claims "Hansi 1" and "Hansi 2". On 1 May the depths began and in the head office moved to Marls urban district Hüls.
At the end of coal production began on the pit "AV 1". The coalmine was one of the highly productive mines in Germany. Nevertheless, it was closed at the end of , because of the cessation of the coal production in Germany. In another coalmine was founded in Marl. It was named after Hermann Brassert, the "father of the common mining law of ".
In the coal production began and in the s about 5, people were employed "on Brassert". Some mining buildings have been saved. The old entrance buildings serve as an art studio and as bureau of the bicycle society. The urban district around the mine was named "Brassert" as the mine built houses around the pit for their workers. On 1 April Marl grew bigger as the surrounding villages of Sinsen, Hüls, Lenkerbeck and Löntrop were suburbanized.
In the "Handbook of all towns and villages in the Rhine province and Westpfalia" states, that Marl had inhabitants Roman Catholic, Protestants, 30 Jewish and other confessions There was no mayor at that time. The city council consisted of 18 people. The total town area was On 20 April marl received its town charter by the headpresident of the province of Westphalia, Ferdinand, Baron of Lüninck. As other town in the Ruhr district Marl is grown very fast because of the coal mines and the chemical industry.
The "Chemical Park Marl" German: Chemiepark Marl goes back to the foundation of the "Chemical Factories Hüls" in At the time of the Third Reich the factories produced synthetic rubber called "Buna" for tires. Therefore, a lot of forced labourers were used. After the Second World War the factories produced plastics, resources for cleaning agents and again "Buna". In the company was merged with the Degussa AG and later in with the Evonik industries and is now called "Chemical Park Marl".
The infrastructure of the park was taken over by the "infracor" company. The Kristallnacht led to the persecution of the Jewish inhabitants, who have resided in Marl since They worked mostly in the clothing trade or sold furniture. Several people were injured, their shops burned down and all 29 Jewish inhabitants had to leave the town.
Most of them were deported to Riga and murdered. These incidents were documented by the German artist Gunter Demnig and his project " Stolpersteine " stumbling blocks. Between and many foreign forced workers worked in companies and private households.
Throughout the war especially the "Buna" factories were target of several allied air raids. Although the civilian areas of the town were relatively near to the factories civilian demolition was kept to a limit. On 31 March the American 8th Armored Division occupied the town.
Hubert Brinkforth holder of the Knights Cross was born in Marl. As the town was merged from several farming communities with the mining settlements and houses of the chemical workers it has no real centre.
In the s and s a new centre was built in greenfield strategy as a new town hall, high-rise buildings and the shopping mall "Marler Stern" originated. On 5 October there was a train accident near the Marl-Sinsen train station, where 7 persons were killed and 44 persons injured. The express train from Flensburg to Düsseldorf collided with a switch engine, which was waiting on the track and derailed.
Shortly afterwards a fright train ran into the scene of accident. Both trains fell down a steep slope on the national highway The cause of accident was that one of the points was set wrong. From the mid-ages until the early 20th century Marl had just a few hundred inhabitants. The Industrialization led to a fast increase from about 2, people in to over 35, in and 92, in The following table shows the numbers of inhabitants. The value in is an estimate, afterwards the result of population counts or calculations of the Statistisches Landesamt.
The specifications until show the "population in the area", from to they indicate the resident population and since then the main resident population.
Before the means of measurement were without uniformity. After the local election in , the town council consists of 48 representatives of the following parties:. Die Linke 2 Die Erweiterung soll Nutzer eigentlich vor Überwachung im Internet schützen. Stattdessen übermittelt sie unverschlüsselt alle besuchten Websites an den Anbieter. Angeblich erbeutet er 90 GByte Daten. Apple dementiert eine Kompromittierung von Kundendaten. Seine Taten bescheren dem Jugendlichen angeblich einen gewissen Bekanntheitsgrad in der internationalen Hacker-Community.
Google fragt täglich mal Daten von Android-Smartphones ab. Apple kommt bei seinen iPhones nur auf 4,2 Anfragen pro Tag. Schon nach einem Tag identifiziert Google die Interessen eines neuen Nutzers "mit bemerkenswerter Genauigkeit".
Das Öffnen der Maps-App oder eine Internetsuche führt aber trotzdem dazu, dass der Standort erfasst wird. Google sieht keinen Handlungsbedarf. Sie sammeln mehr Daten als benötigt und übertragen diese zum Teil unverschlüsselt. Einer der betroffenen Anbieter räumt Fehler ein und kündigt Updates an.
Oktober dürfen sich alle Nutzer auf bis zu fünf ihrer jeweils verfügbaren Geräte anmelden. Vous pouvez vous inscrire sur ce lien. Vous recevrez un email de bienvenue dans votre boite mail pour confirmer votre accord. Per continuare ad accedere ai nostri contenuti, con una buona esperienza di lettura, ti consigliamo di agire in uno dei seguenti modi:. Riceverai una e-mail di benvenuto nella tua casella di posta, per convalidare e confermare la tua sottoscrizione.
Estos mensajes son una fuente de ingresos que nos permite seguiradelante con nuestro trabajo diario. Sie nutzen einen Adblocker, der die Anzeige von Werbung verhindert. Dadurch entgehen unserem Herausgeber täglich Einnahmen, die für die Existenz einer unabhängigen Redaktion nötig sind. Para fazer isso, por favor, assine aqui. It seems that you are using "Adblock" or other software that blocks display of advertising. Advertisement revenue is necessary to maintain our quality and independence.
To do this, please subscribe here. You will receive a welcome e-mail to validate and confirm your subscription.
Thank you for your consideration. Snapdragon Wear soll Laufzeit verlängern. Spionage-Apps im Mac App Store: Trend Micro entschuldigt sich.
OnePlus 6T verfügt über Fingerabdrucksensor unter dem Display. URL-Ansicht und altes Anmeldeverfahren aktivieren. Microsoft Teams für die Zusammenarbeit von Gruppen nutzen. Galaxy Note 9 erreicht Rang 2. Spionage-Apps im Mac App Store aufgetaucht. Point of View Dynamics Dateilose Bedrohungen unter der Lupe. Skype führt Lesebestätigung für Nachrichten ein.
Windows 10 Oktober-Update auf der Zielgeraden. British Airways verliert Kreditkartendaten von